Indian Culture


Deepawali or Diwali
India is a country of festivals. Each festival has a significance. Diwali is a very important festival of India. Deepawali is also called Deepotsav. Deepawali has immense importance both socially and spiritually in all the festivals celebrated in India. Religiously, “it represents the victory of light over darkness”. According to Sanatan Dharma, the day of Diwali is considered “the day of Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth”.Diwali is celebrated in many countries of the world except India. Such as Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Guyana, Malaysia, Singapore etc. It is also considered by the people of Sikh, Buddhist and Jainism.

The origin of the word Diwali is derived from the Sanskrit two words “Deep + Aavali”. “Deep” means “lamp” and “Aavali” means “line or chain”. In its celebration, lakhs of lamps are lit in houses and temples.

When is Diwali celebrated ?

Diwali is an ancient festival celebrated in India. Every year in India, Deepawali is celebrated on the new moon day of Kartik month. It usually falls in October or November according to the Indian calendar.

दीपावली के अवसर पर आतिशबाजियां

How is Diwali celebrated?

“Deepawali is a festival of cleanliness and light”. Preparations for Diwali begin several days before Diwali. Before Diwali, all people clean their houses, shops and surroundings. Home repair work is done. Before Diwali, houses, neighborhoods, shops, markets etc. are decorated very well.

On the day of Diwali, everyone burns with oil or ghee or oil of sarso. Although some people also light candles. Due to which the light of the lamp on the new moon day of Kartik month rises. Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped on Diwali. On this day, people earn money and happiness from Goddess Lakshmi. All of them feed each other sweets and give gifts to each other.

History of DIWALI :

The history of Diwali is very old. The mention of Diwali festival is found in both Pada Purana and Skanda Purana.

It is believed that when Lord Shree Rama returned to Ayodhya with his mother Sita and Lakshmana after killing the evil Ravana in his fourteen years of exile, it was the night of new moon day of Kartik month. Burn ghee to welcome Shri Ram to Ayodhya residents. The light of these lights illuminated Ayodhya. Since then, people celebrate Diwali by lighting a lamp on the new moon day of Kartik month.

Although some people associate it with the story of Yama and Nachiketa. The story of Yama and Nachiketa mentions right vs wrong, knowledge vs ignorance and true wealth vs momentary money.

Importance of Diwali:

Diwali has both religious and historical significance. Diwali is an important festival celebrated in India and Nepal. People clean their houses and decorate for Diwali. For Nepalese, this festival is important because the new year of Nepal Samvat begins on Diwali.

Deepwali is associated with many religious events or stories. But all these events represent the victory of virtue over sin, light on darkness, knowledge over ignorance and hope over despair.

Some famous historical events on Diwali:

According to Hindu scripture Ramayana, Deepawali is celebrated after 14 years of exile as the return of Lord Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Mother Sita to Ayodhya.

According to the Mahabharata, Deepawali is celebrated as a return of the Pandavas after 12 years of exile and 1 year of exile.

According to the Mahabharata, Deepawali is celebrated as a return of the Pandavas after 12 years of exile and 1 year of exile.

According to Jainism, on this day, Mahavira, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara, attained salvation.

The foundation stone of the Golden Temple was on the day of Diwali. Therefore, Diwali is also important for Sikhs.

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